The Ultimate Guide to Automation Testing: Best Practices 

Automation testing Companies

How can we guarantee that automation testing practices within the organization are not only accessible but also embraced by every stakeholder? If teams perceive automated testing as a mysterious or exclusive practice, they may hesitate to adopt it. Nevertheless, demystifying automation tests can catalyze broader acceptance throughout the organization.  

Demystifying tests ensure that they align seamlessly with the overarching business objectives. This alignment is a guiding light for prioritizing testing efforts. Automated testing entails intricate tools and procedures that may need to be more understandable to everyone within the organization. Continue with the blog to equip yourself with the knowledge necessary to harness automation testing effectively.  

Understanding Automation Testing

Automating testing is the optimal utilization of software frameworks. It involves using specialized software tools to execute predefined test cases systematically. Fundamental principles of repeatability, reliability, reusability, and consistency guide it.  

The development of the test suite is made more effective by using an automation testing tool. Additionally, it reduces the need for human interaction, enabling the smooth playback of tests when needed, and increases the return on investment (ROI) for testing activities. 

Benefits Of Automated Testing

Automated testing proves particularly advantageous for extensive or intricate software systems that require continuous or repeated testing of pre-established scripts. It enables simultaneous testing across various components and platforms, aligning well with Agile development principles emphasizing iterative, continuous testing to detect and rectify defects early, thereby expediting the development process. 

Although automation testing might appear to replace manual testing with automation tools simply, there are critical distinctions that render it more reliable: 


  • Automated testing facilitates running multiple tests concurrently. 
  • It extends the depth and scope of the tests conducted. 
  • Automatic test scalability requires minimal additional effort. 
  • It can simulate user groups of any size effectively. 
  • Automated tests can trigger automatically whenever source code changes occur, reducing the burden on developers. 
  • The risk of burnout associated with repetitive tasks is eliminated through automation testing. 

Enhanced Test Coverage 

Automated testing offers more test cases than human testing does. It ensures that all crucial components—including edge cases and challenging scenarios—are suitably evaluated. Higher software quality results from its thorough test coverage, which helps identify potential issues that manual testing may have missed. 

Consistency and Reusability

Automated test scripts uniformly perform test cases by removing human errors and variations. The work involved in creating and maintaining test cases is greatly diminished. This reusability encourages consistency and dependability in the organization’s testing procedure. 

Early Bug Detection 

Running automation testing in a continuous pipeline provides faster feedback to the team. It reduces the debugging time and also eliminates the problem. Automated testing is considered essential for delivering unmatched software quality.  

ROI and Cost Savings 

An upfront investment is required for implementing automation, but its enduring advantages far surpass the initial expenses. Over time, automation results in significant cost reductions by expediting product launches and mitigating the chances of post-release issues.  

The return on investment (ROI) becomes apparent as automation is pivotal in elevating software quality and enhancing customer contentment in the long term. 

Different Types Of Automation Testing 

Smoke Testing 

Smoke testing is usually performed at the beginning of the development process. This test ensures that the critical functions of the apps are working as programmed. It also helps a tester to determine the stability of the employed build. 

Unit Testing 

Unit testing focuses on identifying bugs within a single code module. In Agile development, unit testing detects defects in a single user story developed within a defined sprint cycle. 

Integration Testing 

Integration testing is also known as threat testing. The main goal of this test is to ensure proper communication between different modules. Testers group these modules logically, which helps them to identify bugs.  

Keyword Testing

Keyword testing techniques use keywords to create the test scripts. These keywords are the actions that need to be performed on apps. It simplifies automated testing cases. The main advantage of keyword testing is that it facilitates things for nontechnical persons. 

Performance Testing

Performance testing evaluates the software product’s speed, responsiveness, intuitiveness, and stability. Agile Testing is often conducted after each sprint that delivers a user story, ensuring timely delivery of high-performing products or product segments while maintaining testing speed. 

Continuous Integration And Continuous Testing (CI/CT) 

Development teams are encouraged to make minor code adjustments to a version control repository using methods and a continuous integration coding philosophy. Teams need a dependable technique for integrating and verifying these changes in today’s complex development ecosystem, which includes numerous platforms and technologies. 

Building, packaging, and testing apps are all automated thanks to continuous integration. This strategy guarantees that developers will have an automated, standardized method to use. It consequently motivates individuals to commit code alterations more frequently. This more frequent inclusion of new code encourages better teamwork and raises the general standard of the codebase. 

Tools For Automation Testing

The abundance of automation tools compared to the number of test cases can make the selection process challenging.  


Selenium is an open-source tool designed to test web applications across multiple programming languages and browsers. It currently holds the top spot for web application testing. 


Appium is a popular and open-source automated testing tool. It automates testing across mobile devices. It allows QA teams to perform across browser testing. Testers can use the same API to write the test scripts for different operating systems.  

Katalon Studio 

A flexible testing tool for online, API, and mobile app development is Katalon Studio. It uses Selenium and Appium as its foundation and includes a condensed keyword tool for writing test cases. It also smoothly connects with several other technologies. 


An open-source program called Cucumber focuses on user experience testing and behavior-driven development (BDD) for websites. A primary language similar to English named Gherkin is used to write test code. This testing tool is used to evaluate the application’s behavior. 

Best Practices In Automation Testing 

Test Data Management 

It is integral to automation testing as it maintains data consistency, reliability, and security, which ensures seamless testing. Automation testers must verify that the provided data is pristine, pertinent, and dependable, allowing them to execute test cases precisely and effectively. 

Test Execution and Reporting 

Execution of automated tests should be dependable and repeatable. To do this, it is essential to establish a trustworthy reporting system that presents test results understandably and comprehensively. These test reports should furnish intricate insights into test outcomes, simplifying the issue identification and resolution process. 

Continuous Integration and DevOps Integration 

Integrating automation testing into the Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery (CI/CD) pipeline is a practice through which automation tests should run automatically after code changes are committed. It provides developers with rapid feedback, enabling early bug detection and ensuring that testing keeps pace with development. 

Challenges in Automation Testing 

1. The network gets Disconnected

It is one of the common challenges the QA team faces. During network disconnections, the team loses access to the testing environment. As a result, the testing process gets delayed.  Network disconnection also causes instability in the virtual environment. It can significantly impact on test results.  

This challenge can only be overcome if the organizations have reasonable monitoring solutions.  

2. Issues with Test Script

Another common challenge faced by QA teams is related to test scripts. This challenge arises only when the scriptwriting team needs more coding skills.  

To overcome this challenge, teams may leverage the reusability of codes. It will not only solve their problem but also increase their efficiency. Further, it reduces the time to market the product, giving organizations a competitive edge.  

3. Fixing the Code Smell

Fixing code smell helps the tester to create a more robust test suite. It also reduces maintenance costs. However, identifying code smell through manual testing is neither feasible nor recommended. That’s why the tester will need code review tools. These tools can quickly identify destructive codes in the test scripts. They reduce the execution time and increase the reliability. 

Future Trends in Automation Testing 

Automated testing is anticipated to rise at a CAGR of 19.2% by 2026. Hyperautomated testing is supposed to top the future trend. It helps the QA team to deploy digital testing. It not only reduces human interventions but also automates the entire process. The next trend that we can see in the near future is cloud-based cross-browser testing.  

This future trend helps organizations to reduce testing infrastructure and enhance their scalability. In the future, providing unparalleled customer experience will not be optional as it will play a crucial role in the application’s success. It is precisely where testers will feel the need for non-functional testing. Thus, with technological advancements, the overall future of automation testing looks brighter. Technologies such as ML and AI will make automation tests more reliable.  

Wrap Up 

Today, an essential stage in the software development process is automated testing. It is effective in addition to being exact. When an application undergoes automated testing, its reliability increases many times. Automating testing promotes organizational innovation, which is vital to survive in this cut-throat business environment. So, adopt automated testing today and ensure your application’s success.  

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Co-Founder & Director, Business Management
AutomationQA is a leading automation research company. We believe in sharing knowledge and increasing awareness, and to contribute to this cause, we try to include all the latest changes, news, and fresh content from the automation world into our blogs.