Exploring E2E Testing: A Comparison of Playwright and Cypress Frameworks

Playwright vs Cypress: The Ultimate Showdown in E2E Testing

In today’s digital world, providing unparalleled customer experience is crucial for businesses. It fosters customer loyalty and boosts brand reputation. This is the exact point at which E2E testing (end-to-end testing) becomes relevant. This software testing methodology evaluates the functionality and performance of an application. But, E2E testing has its own challenges that a tester has to overcome for successful testing. It often requires extensive setups, including database configuration and web servers. That slows down the entire testing process and makes it more time-consuming.

Hence, testers need testing tools for delivering high-quality and robust applications. Tools like Playwright and Cypress can reduce human errors. But with many options, you may wonder which tool will make your life easy. Choosing the right tool is like picking the right key for the lock because each has pros and cons. So, let’s embark on this adventurer’s journey of selecting the perfect testing partners for your app.

What Is A Playwright Testing Framework?

It is an open-source testing framework developed by software giant Microsoft. This tool uses CDP and supports all modern browsers. This framework supports various operating systems, including Linux, MacOS, and Windows. This framework’s capability to support multiple programming languages makes it popular among Playwright testing companies. Among Playwright’s features are auto-wait, native keyboard and mouse input, and downloading and uploading files. It is the perfect choice for developers looking for a flexible framework.

Pros and Cons of Playwright

Pros (H4)

  • Simple to set up and install.
  • Numerous languages are supported.
  • Gives programmers the ability to change and intercept network requests.
  • Offer a wide range of functions for API testing.
  • Supports various browsers, including WebKit and Firefox.
  • Supports parallel testing.
  • It has built-in reporters like JSON, HTML, Dot, and JUnit.
  • It integrates easily with the CI/CD system.
  • Testers can record sections or take screenshots for debugging.
  • When compared to Cypress, Playwright automation testing is faster.


  • As it is a new tool, therefore it needs more community support.
  • It’s not for novices because of its steep learning curve.

What Is Cypress?

Web application testing also makes use of this open-source tool. This E2E framework supports testing starting from the creation to the execution phase. It enables engineers to write automated test scripts using Java. The recent update in Cypress has added more capabilities to the tool. Component testing is now possible using this framework.

Other capabilities of Cypress include time travel for real-time bugging, API testing, and network control. Its approach makes this Cypress automation tool different from other testing tools. The script is always run in the same loop as the AUT by the tester when they run it inside the browser.

Pros and Cons of Cypress


  • It comes with rich documentation and plenty of resources.
  • It supports real-time reloads whenever a file is changed.
  • It offers a user-friendly dashboard.
  • Cypress is best for professionals already using Javascript.
  • It promotes visual testing capabilities.
  • It has extensive community support that makes it perfect for beginners.
  • Integrates easily with a wide range of plugins.
  • Like Playwright, Cypress also has a simple setup.
  • It is popular among Cypress testing companies because it provides consistent test results.
  • Cypress also supports multiple browsers, such as Firefox and Edge.


  • It does not support multiple tabs while testing
  • One major drawback of Cypress is that it allows testers to create test cases using only JS.

Playwright And Cypress: Core Difference

Criteria Playwright Cypress
Price It is open-source and free. It is also open Source and free.
Supported OS Linux, Mac, and Windows. Windows, Mac 10.9 and above, Linux.
Language Multiple languages including JS, Python, .NET, and C# It supports only JS.
Test Runner Framework Supported Jasmine, Jest, Moca It supports only Moca.
Supported Browser WebKit, Firefox, and Chromium It supports all major browsers, including Firefox, Edge, and Chrome.
Support Community >It has only a limited support community. It has a strong and vast support community.
Architecture Headless browser with an event-driven architect.

Executes test cases inside the browser.
Real Device Support It supports only emulators. Cypress supports real devices as well as remote servers.

Playwright And Cypress Similarities

Playwright vs Cypress – two open-source programs that facilitate end-to-end testing. Both these tools have emerged as the leading choice for testing companies. Some similarities between these testing tools are listed below:

Java Script

Both frameworks support Javascript, which makes them perfect for modern-day applications.

Browser Applications

Both testing tools can stimulate user actions to automate browsers. They can simulate several user actions like clicking and typing.

Automating Browser Tasks

Playwright and Cypress are great for making browsers do things on their own. They can pretend to be users by clicking, typing, and moving around websites, which is important for testing from start to end.

Using JavaScript

Both of these tools use JavaScript. It’s a language many web developers know, so teams that already use JavaScript find these tools handy.

Working with Website Parts

They let you work directly with parts of websites like buttons, forms, and links. It helps testers act like real users.

Testing Whole Websites Automatically

Playwright and Cypress are mainly used to check if whole websites work well from the beginning to the end without any manual help.

Lots of Features for Writing Tests

These tools have many features that make writing tests easier and cover more ground.

Running Tests Without Seeing the Browser

These tools can do tests without showing the browser window. This is super useful when integrating the tests into the overall software-making process.

Smart Waiting

They’re smart enough to wait for things to be ready or done before moving on. It helps avoid mistakes in tests because of bad timing.

Tools for Fixing Problems

They come with tools to help fix issues, like taking pictures, recording videos, and checking what’s happening in the app while testing.

Fitting Into the Software-Making Process

You can fit Playwright and Cypress into the whole process of making and releasing software, which means testing can be done automatically.

Community and Help

Both tools have a lot of people using and supporting them. There are plenty of guides, lessons, and places to ask for help, which is excellent when you need to figure something out or learn more.

Wrap Up

Selection of the right tool depends upon your testing needs. Cypress is a good pick if you are just starting the testing process. It is also great for the simple test. What makes it perfect for you is its vast community support. Other features, like taking screenshots, further make it worthwhile.

On the other hand, if you need to test something complex, then the playwright testing tool is the best option. So before you make the final choice, consider your needs. If you are looking for an easy-to-use tool with vast community support, go with Cypress or choose Playwright to dive deeper into testing with the advanced features.

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